HY-BON/EDI Blog: Quad O Compliance and Vent Gas Management

Oct 9, 2016

On September 29, 2016, the EPA published the Second Draft Information Collection Request (ICR) for the Oil and Natural Gas Industry. The ICR will collect emission inventory related data that will be used to develop emission standards (reductions) for existing facilities. Existing facilities that are exempt from NSPS OOOO and OOOOa are the target of this data request. The EPA is using its authority under Section 114 of the Clean Air Act to request the information.

This is a one-time survey that seems to be on track for a data submittal to the EPA before the end of 2016. See link: ICR 2nd Draft for details.

Second Draft EPA Mandatory Information Collection Request (ICR) for Oil and Gas Facilities

Aug 24, 2016

What is a VRU?

A VRU, or vapor recovery unit, is a compression system used to collect and compress low volume gas streams for injection into the suction of a larger compressor, a meter run, a local site fuel gas system or directly into a gas gathering line. Mechanical VRUs consist of a driver motor or engine that supplies the power to the compressor. They are often used by oil and gas operations to recover vent gas.

Frequently Asked Questions about Vapor Recovery Units (VRUs)

Aug 8, 2016

Existing federal and state air quality and permitting regulations require oil and gas (O&G) production facilities to control emissions from crude oil, condensate and produced water storage tanks. The primary federal EPA rules for storage tanks (and other O&G sources) are in NSPS OOOO and NSPS OOOOa. These NSPS rules affect facilities construction after August 23, 2011. State environmental regulatory agencies have their own standards and permitting regulations that require storage emission controls for existing and new facilities.

These federal and state air permitting rules require the storage tank vapor controls systems to be designed and operated such that emissions are continuously controlled. Inadequately designed storage tank emission control systems that result in venting of VOCs are a focus of the EPA.

Vent Gas Measurement and Storage Tank Emission Controls

Jul 1, 2016

The EPA intends to collect emission inventory related data from the oil and gas industry to gather information that will be used to develop emission standards (reductions) for existing facilities. 

The New Source Performance Standards in 40 CFR 60 Subpart OOOO and OOOOa exempt existing oil and gas facilities that were constructed on or prior to August 23, 2011 (and not modified or reconstructed after that date). These “existing” facilities are the target of this data collection.

The method that will be used to obtain the data is an Information Collection Request (ICR).  The EPA is not required to go through rulemaking to request this information. EPA has authority under Section 114 of the Clean Air Act to request the information provided the request is approved by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). 

EPA Mandatory Information Collection Request (ICR) for Oil and Gas Facilities

Jun 24, 2016

The EPA’s amended and new regulations affecting methane (CH4) and VOC emissions from the oil and gas (O&G) sector have been finalized. The EPA published the new rules in the Federal Register on June 3, 2016, amending 40 CFR 60 Subpart OOOO. The final NSPS rules become effective August 3, 2016.

These rules revise NSPS OOOO and create the new NSPS OOOOa. NSPS OOOO affects O&G gas facilities constructed, modified or reconstructed after August 23, 2011, and on or before September 18, 2015. NSPS OOOOa affects facilities constructed, modified or reconstructed after September 18, 2015. NSPS OOOOa includes CH4 and VOC emission standards.


Apr 22, 2016

Regulations to further reduce methane and VOC emissions affect the operations of oil and gas (O&G) production facilities and equipment. Existing and proposed regulations require Leak Detection and Repair (LDAR) at O&G production facilities. For many years now, federal and state regulations have required LDAR at chemical plants, refineries and gas processing facilities and for monitoring for leaks from emission control equipment.

Typically, O&G production facilities upstream of gas processing facilities have been exempt from formal LDAR program on a facility-wide basis. This is expected to change based on proposed modifications to NSPS OOOOa.

Leak Detection and Repair (LDAR) Requirements and Oil and Gas Operations

Apr 22, 2016

This rotary screw compressor package was designed for a customer for an offshore application in the Gulf of Mexico. Utilizing an encapsulated screw compressor design (Rotorcomp NK series), HY-BON/EDI was able to minimize the overall footprint of the Vapor Recovery Unit.

Offshore Compressor Package

Apr 7, 2016

Existing Source Regulations and Information Collection Requests (ICR) for Oil and Gas Sources

On March 10, the EPA announced their plans to develop methane rules for existing sources located in the oil and gas production, processing and transmission segments under Clean Air Act Section 111(d). Building off of proposed regulations requiring methane reductions from new and modified sources (i.e., NSPS Subpart OOOOa for oil and gas sources), EPA is now developing standards for existing sources as well (not entirely unlike the process used for developing requirements for existing electric generating units under the Clean Power Plan).  EPA announced their intent to "move quickly" and to "start immediately" to develop regulations controlling methane emissions from existing oil and gas industry sources.

HEADS UP: EPA is looking to ask some questions, HY-BON/EDI can help with the answers

Apr 5, 2016

The Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) is proposing to modify its air quality regulations applicable primarily to operations in the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) of the Gulf of Mexico and Alaska’s Arctic waters.

Proposed BOEM OCS Air Quality Rules

Feb 29, 2016

Heater treaters can be significant sources of “flash gas” from oil and gas production facilities. Flash gas is natural gas that is released from a wellstream when the liquid undergoes a pressure drop or when the liquid’s temperature is increased. In the treater, the crude oil/condensate and produced water experience a pressure drop and a temperature increase. The greater the pressure drop and operating temperature, the greater the amount of gas generated per barrel of oil throughput.

Heater Treaters and Flash Gas Recovery